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assume

音标[ә'sju:m] 读音

汉语翻译

vt. 假定, 承担, 呈现
vi. 装腔作势, 僭越
【法】 假定, 假设, 承担
相关词组:
to assume the airs of...

词型变化:

名词:assumer 动词过去式:assumed 过去分词:assumed 现在分词:assuming 第三人称单数:assumes 副词:assumably 形容词:assumable 

词意辨析:

assume, presume, suppose, guess, postulate
这些动词均含为“假设,猜想,推测”之意。
assume: 指有很少或完全无根据的武断推测或不合逻辑的推理。
presume: 侧重以过去经验或根据现实的某些感觉把某事认定为是事实。
suppose: 常用词,意义广泛,指缺乏确切事实,根据一些现象进行的推测,也可指为论证而提出合乎逻辑推理的某种假定,有时仅表示自己的意见。
guess: 常用词,指毫无根据仅凭个人主观臆断或碰运气的猜测
postulate: 指为证实一个理论的正确性而进行的假设。

英语解释:

动词 assume:

  1. take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
    同义词:presume, take for granted
  2. take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
    同义词:adopt, take on, take over
  3. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
    同义词:acquire, adopt, take on, take
  4. take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
    同义词:bear, take over, accept
  5. occupy or take on
    同义词:take, strike, take up
  6. seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession
    同义词:usurp, seize, take over, arrogate
  7. make a pretence of
    同义词:simulate, sham, feign
  8. take up someone's soul into heaven
  9. put clothing on one's body
    同义词:wear, put on, get into, don

例句:

  1. She was in arrogance to assume she would win every time.
    她认为每次都能赢,未免太自大了。
  2. I made a mistake and I will assume responsibility for it.
    我错了,我愿为此承担责任
  3. I assumed you can speak French fluently.
    我以为你能讲流利的法语。
  4. The problem has assumed a new form.
    这个问题又以新的形式出现。

详细解释:


as.sume

v.tr.(及物动词)
as.sumed,as.sum.ing,as.sumes
To take upon oneself:
自己承担:
例句:
assume responsibility; assume another`s debts.
承担责任;承继另一个人的债务

To undertake the duties of (an office):
担任…的职务(官职):
例句:
assumed the presidency.
担任首相职务

To take on; adopt:
采取;采用:
例句:
.The god assumes a human form.(John Ruskin)
.上帝采用了人的形体.(约翰·拉斯金)

To put on; don:
穿;披:
例句:
The queen assumed a velvet robe.
王后穿了一件天鹅绒长袍

To affect the appearance or possession of; feign.See Synonyms at pretend
假装镇静的样子;冒充参见 pretend
To take for granted; suppose:
当然;以为:
例句:
assumed that prices would rise.See Synonyms at presume
认为价格要上涨参见 presume

To take over without justification; seize:
无正当理由的接管;夺取:
例句:
assume control.
取得控制

Theology To take up or receive into heaven.
【神学】 (上帝)接…(进天国):接纳或接受进入天国

来源:
Middle English assumen
中古英语 assumen
from Latin assômere
源自 拉丁语 assômere
ad- [ad-]
ad- [前缀,表.朝,向.]
mere [to take] * see em-
mere [拿] *参见 em-

【引伸】
assum.able
adj.(形容词)
assum.ably
adv.(副词)
assum.er
n.(名词)

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