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black

音标[blæk] 读音

汉语翻译

n. 黑色, 黑颜料
a. 黑色的
【医】 黑, 黑色
【经】 帐簿的贷方, 黑的 * 的
相关词组:
black sth out
black out
give sb a black look
look black at...
as black as night
black and blue

词型变化:

名词:blackness 副词:blackly 形容词:blackish 动词过去式:blacked 过去分词:blacked 现在分词:blacking 第三人称单数:blacks 

词意辨析:

dark, dim, black, gloomy, obscure, vague, grey
这些形容词都含有“完全地或不完全地缺少光亮”之意。
dark: 最普通用词,指缺乏自然光线或人工照明,使某物漆黑无光或光线十分微弱。
dim: 指光线不足或视力较差,不能清晰地看见物体。
black: 侧重颜色是黑色的,有时也指无光的黑暗
gloomy: 指光线不足或部分光线受阻而出现的阴暗。
obscure: 指因光线不充足而使物体灰暗不清,失去光泽若隐若现。作借喻时指因复杂、深奥或含糊而难于理解。
vague: 通常作借喻用,形容抽象事物。
grey: 与dark意思相近,但侧重阴暗单调的意味。

英语解释:

名词 black:

  1. the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)
    同义词:blackness, inkiness
  2. total absence of light
    同义词:total darkness, lightlessness, blackness, pitch blackness
  3. British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)
    同义词:Joseph Black
  4. popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)
    同义词:Shirley Temple Black, Shirley Temple
  5. a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)
    同义词:Black person, blackamoor, Negro, Negroid
  6. (board games) the darker pieces
  7. black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning)

动词 black:

  1. make or become black
    同义词:blacken, melanize, melanise, nigrify

形容词 black:

  1. being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light
  2. of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin- Martin Luther King Jr.
  3. marked by anger or resentment or hostility
  4. stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable-Thomas Hardy
    同义词:dark, sinister
  5. offering little or no hope
    同义词:bleak, dim
  6. (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
    同义词:calamitous, disastrous, fatal, fateful
  7. (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood
    同义词:blackened
  8. extremely dark
    同义词:pitch-black, pitch-dark
  9. harshly ironic or sinister
    同义词:grim, mordant
  10. (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading
  11. distributed or sold illicitly
    同义词:bootleg, black-market, contraband, smuggled
  12. (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
    同义词:disgraceful, ignominious, inglorious, opprobrious, shameful
  13. (of coffee) without cream or sugar
  14. dressed in black
  15. soiled with dirt or soot
    同义词:smutty

例句:

  1. He blacked his shoes before visiting his father-in-law.
    在拜访岳父之前,他把鞋子擦黑。
  2. Do you have a black jacket?
    你有一件黑夹克吗?
  3. After her husband died, she dressed in deep black for the rest of her life.
    丈夫去世后,她终生都穿着黑色丧服。

详细解释:


black

adj.(形容词)
black.er,black.est
Color Being of the color black, producing or reflecting comparatively little light and having no predominant hue.
【色彩】 黑的:黑色的,产生或反射极少光的,没有突出色彩的
Having little or no light:
黑暗的:几乎或没有光亮的:
例句:
a black, moonless night.
漆黑的,没有月光的夜晚

Often Black
常作 Black
Of, relating to, or belonging to a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin:
黑种人的:有黑色或棕色皮肤的人种的,有关黑人或棕色人种的,属于黑人或棕色人种的,尤指来自非洲的:
例句:
the Black population of South Africa.
南非的黑人人口

Of, relating to, or belonging to an American ethnic group descended from African peoples having dark skin; African American; Afro-American:
美国黑人的:黑色皮肤的非洲人后代成为美国少数民族的,与其相关的或属于该少数民族的;美国黑人的;美国黑人的:
例句:
.When the history books are written in future generations, the historians will . . . say, ‘There lived a great people—a black people—who injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization’.(Martin Luther King, Jr.).Despite the exposure, being young, gifted and Black in the corridors of power has its trying moments.(Ebony)
.后世在撰写历史书时,历史学家会…说,‘这里有过一个伟大的民族——黑人民族——他们为文明的血脉注入了崭新意义与尊严’.(小马丁·路德·金).尽管成功机会,在通向权力的道路上,做为年轻、有天份的黑人尚需经历艰难时刻.(艾伯尼)

Very dark in color:
深色的:颜色很深的:
例句:
rich black soil; black, wavy hair.
肥沃黑土;黑色卷发

Soiled, as from soot; dirty:
弄脏的:煤烟弄脏的;脏的:
例句:
feet black from playing outdoors.
在户外玩得脚很脏

Evil; wicked:
* 的;恶意的:
例句:
the pirates` black deeds.
海盗的恶劣行为

Cheerless and depressing; gloomy:
愠怒的:不高兴的,抑闷的;忧愁的:
例句:
black thoughts.
忧郁的想法

Marked by anger or sullenness:
气愤的:怒气冲冲的,忿恨的:
例句:
gave me a black look.
恶恨恨地瞥了我一眼

Often Black Attended with disaster; calamitous:
常作 Black 悲惨的:倒霉的;灾难的:
例句:
the stock market crash on Black Friday.
黑色星期五股市下跌

Deserving of, indicating, or incurring censure or dishonor:
不名誉的:应得,表明或招致谴责或丢脸的:
例句:
.Man . . . has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands.(Rachel Carson)
.人类…在海岛上成为破坏者,写下了最不光彩的记录之一.(雷切尔·卡森)

Wearing clothing of the darkest visual hue:
穿深色衣服的:
例句:
the black knight.
黑衣骑士

Served without milk or cream:
黑色的:不加牛奶或奶油的:
例句:
black coffee.
黑咖啡

Appearing to emanate from a source other than the actual point of origin. Used chiefly of intelligence operations:
间接的:出自非真实的来源。主要指情报处理:
例句:
black propaganda; black radio transmissions.
间接宣传;间接无线电传送

Disclosed, for reasons of security, only to an extremely limited number of authorized persons; very highly classified:
极机密的:为了安全原因只有极少数授权人知道的;高度机密的:
例句:
black programs in the Defense Department; the Pentagon`s black budget.
国防部的机密方案;五角大楼的机密预算

Chiefly British Boycotted as part of a labor union action.
【多用于英国抵制的:作为工会行动的一部分而被工会抵制的
n.(名词)
Color
【色彩】
The achromatic color value of minimum lightness or maximum darkness; the color of objects that absorb nearly all light of all visible wavelengths; one extreme of the neutral gray series, the opposite being white. Although strictly a response to zero stimulation of the retina, the perception of black appears to depend on contrast with surrounding color stimuli.
黑色:最小亮度或最大暗度的消色差的明暗度配合;能吸收几乎所有可见波长的所有光的物体的颜色;中性灰色系列的一个极端,白色的相反物。虽然在严格意义上黑色是视网膜对零剌激的反应,但看起来黑色的感应是依靠与周围颜色刺激对比而得来的
A pigment or dye having this color value.
黑色颜料,黑色染料:有这种黑色标准的颜料或染料
Complete or almost complete absence of light; darkness.
漆黑:完全或几乎完全没有光亮;黑暗,漆黑
Clothing of the darkest hue, especially such clothing worn for mourning.
丧服:最黑的衣服,尤指参加丧礼时穿的衣服
Often Black
常作 Black
A member of a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin.
黑人:黑色或棕色人种的一员,尤指来自非洲的黑人
An American descended from peoples of African origin having brown to black skin; an African American; an Afro-American:
美国黑人:美国来自非洲有黑色或棕色皮肤人种的后代;美国黑人:
例句:
.Many blacks and Hispanics cannot borrow money from banks on subjective grounds.(Jesse Jackson)
.许多黑人和西班牙人因为他人的主观偏见而不能从银行贷款.(杰西·杰克逊)

Something that is colored black.
黑色的物品:颜色为黑色的物品
Games
游戏
The black-colored pieces, as in chess or checkers.
黑子:国际象棋或西洋跳棋中的黑色棋子
The player using these pieces.
执黑子的人
v.tr.(及物动词)
blacked,black.ing,blacks
To make black:
弄黑,使变黑:
例句:
blacked their faces with charcoal.
用木炭弄黑他们的脸

To apply blacking to:
擦黑,抹黑:
例句:
blacked the stove.
擦黑炉子

Chiefly British To boycott as part of a labor union action.
【多用于英国】 抵制,杯葛:作为工会行动的加以抵制
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To become black.
变黑

<常用词组>black out
To lose consciousness or memory temporarily:
晕倒:晕过去,暂时失去知觉或记忆:
例句:
blacked out at the podium.
在指挥台上晕倒

To suppress (a fact or memory, for example) from conscious recognition:
抑制,抹去:抑制(事实或记忆等),使之不在意识中出现:
例句:
blacked out many of my wartime experiences.
忘掉我在战争期间的许多经历

To prohibit the dissemination of, especially by censorship:
封锁:尤指通过审查禁止传播
例句:
blacked out the news issuing from the rebel provinces.
封锁乱叛省份发出的新闻

To extinguish or conceal all lights that might help enemy aircraft find a target during an air raid.
对…实行灯火管制:在空袭中熄灭所有可能帮助敌机寻找目标的灯火
To extinguish all the lights on (a stage).
熄灯:(在舞台上)熄灭全部灯光
To cause a failure of electrical power in:
停电:导致失去电力:
例句:
Storm damage blacked out much of the region.
暴风雨袭击使这个地区大范围断电

To withhold (a televised event or program) from a broadcast area:
禁止播出:不播出(电视传送的事件或节目):
例句:
blacked out the football game on local stations.
地方台停止播放橄榄球赛

To withhold a televised event or program from:
停止转播:不在电视上转播(事件或节目):
例句:
will black out the entire state to increase ticket sales for the game.
全国都不会电视转播这场比赛以增加票的销路

<习惯用语>in the black
On the credit side of a ledger; prosperous.
富裕的:在总帐目中有存款的一方的;富裕的
来源:
Middle English blak
中古英语 blak
from Old English blôc * see bhel-
源自 古英语 blôc *参见 bhel-

【引伸】
black.ish
adj.(形容词)
black.ly
adv.(副词)
black.ness
n.(名词)
Black is often capitalized in its use to denote persons, though the lowercased formblack is still widely used by authors of all races:
Black 用于指人时经常大写, 虽然小写的black 仍为各个种族的作家广泛使用:
例句:
.Together, blacks and whites can move our country beyond racism. (Whitney Moore Young, Jr.).
.团结起来,黑人和白人可以使我们的国家超越种族. (小惠特尼·摩尔·扬)。

Use of the capitalized form has the advantage of acknowledging the parallel with other ethnic groups and nationalities,such asItalian and Sioux. It can be argued thatblack is different from these other terms because it was derived from an adjective rather than from a proper name.However, a precedent exists for the capitalization of adjectives used to denote specific groups,as in theReds and the Whites (of the Russian Civil War) or the Greens (the European political party). The capitalization ofBlack does raise ancillary problems for the treatment of the term white. Orthographic evenhandedness would seem to require the use of the uppercase formWhite, but this form might be taken to imply that whites constitute a single ethnic group,an issue that is certainly debatable.On the other hand, the use of the lowercase formwhite in the same context as the uppercase form Black will obviously raise questions as to how and why the writer has distinguished between the two groups.There is no entirely happy solution to this problem.In all likelihood, uncertainty as to the mode of styling ofwhite has dissuaded many publications from adopting the capitalized form Black. See Usage Note at color
大写字母的好处在于对于其他种族和民族平等关系的承认,如意大利人苏人。 有人可以争辩说black 与其他词不同, 因为他是由一个形容词而不是专有名词派生而成的。但是,大写形容词意指一组人已有前例,如RedsWhites (俄国内战中)或 Greens (欧洲政党)。 大写的Black 确实引起了该如何对待 White 一词的有关问题。 正字法的公正要求使用White 的大写形式White, 但这种形式可能被认为暗示白人组成了单独的种族,这是会引起争论的问题。另一方面,在有black 大写形式White出现的相同语境中使用 White 的小写形式white, 显然会引起如何及为什么作者要对这两组人区别对待的问题。这一问题尚无令人满意的解决办法。White 书写方式的不确定性很可能已经使许多出版物不再采用大写形式的 Black 参见 color


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