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charge

音标[tʃɑ:dʒ] 读音

汉语翻译

n. 指控, 费用, 冲锋, 电荷, * , 主管, 被托管人, 命令
vt. 控诉, 加罪于, 使充满, 使充电, 使承担
vi. 冲锋, 要价, 收费
【医】 装料, 电荷, 充电, 起电
【经】 费用, 借项, 捐税
相关词组:
in charge of
in charge
in full charge
lay sth to sb's charge
take charge of
under the charge of
charge sb to do sth
have charge of
free of charge
at one's own charge
charge off
give sb in charge

词型变化:

动词过去式:charged 过去分词:charged 现在分词:charging 第三人称单数:charges 

词意辨析:

accuse, charge
这两个动词均有“指控、谴责”之意。
accuse: 普通用词,正式或非正式场合,私人或法律上均可用。被指控的情节可轻可重。常与of连用。
charge: 常与accuse换用,但charge多指较严重的错误或罪行,而且往往向法庭提出正式起诉。
attack, assail, assault, charge, beset
都含有"攻击"的意思。
attack: 常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言 * 击他人"。
  • germany began to attack the soviet union in 1941.
    德国在1941年开始进攻苏联。

assail: 指"猛烈连续地攻击"。
  • the enemy plane assailed our defence position.
    敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们的阵地。

assault: 语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思。
  • the enemy assaulted us at dawn.
    敌人在黎明时向我进攻。

charge: 指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击"。
  • the cavalry charged to the front.
    骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。

beset: 指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击。
  • in the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes.
    在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。
charge, price, fee, fare, cost, expense
这些名词均有“价格,费用”之意。
charge: 指提供服务时索取的费用,也指货物的价格、价钱。
price: 指商品在市场出售的价格,尤指卖方对商品所提出的单价。比喻意义付出代价
fee: 指上学、求医以及找律师等付的费用,还可指会费、借书费等。
fare: 侧重指旅行时所付的车、船费等费用。
cost: 指生产某东西的成本,也泛指商品的价格,可与price换用。
expense: 常指实际支付的费用总数额,有时也指钱的花费。

英语解释:

名词 charge:

  1. (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense
    同义词:complaint
  2. the price charged for some article or service
  3. an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
    同义词:accusation
  4. request for payment of a debt
    同义词:billing
  5. a impetuous rush toward someone or something
  6. the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
    同义词:electric charge
  7. financial liabilities (such as a tax)
  8. a person committed to your care
  9. attention and management implying responsibility for safety
    同义词:care, tutelage, guardianship
  10. a special assignment that is given to a person or group
    同义词:mission, commission
  11. a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
    同义词:commission, direction
  12. a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time
    同义词:burster, bursting charge, explosive charge
  13. the swift release of a store of affective force
    同义词:bang, boot, rush, flush, thrill, kick
  14. (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
    同义词:cathexis
  15. heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
    同义词:bearing, heraldic bearing, armorial bearing

动词 charge:

  1. to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle
    同义词:bear down
  2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
    同义词:accuse
  3. demand payment
    同义词:bill
  4. move quickly and violently
    同义词:tear, shoot, shoot down, buck
  5. assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
    同义词:appoint
  6. file a formal charge against
    同义词:lodge, file
  7. make an accusatory claim
  8. fill or load to capacity
  9. enter a certain amount as a charge
  10. cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
    同义词:commit, institutionalize, institutionalise, send
  11. give over to another for care or safekeeping
    同义词:consign
  12. pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt
  13. lie down on command, of hunting dogs
  14. cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
    同义词:agitate, rouse, turn on, commove, excite, charge up
  15. place a heraldic bearing on
  16. provide with munition
    同义词:load
  17. direct into a position for use
    同义词:level, point
  18. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
    同义词:saddle, burden
  19. instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
  20. instruct or command with authority
  21. attribute responsibility to
    同义词:blame
  22. set or ask for a certain price
  23. cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
  24. energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
  25. saturate

例句:

  1. He became his uncle's charge after his parents died.
    他在父母去世後,由叔父抚养。
  2. As long as you've paid in advance we won't charge you for delivery.
    只要你预先付款,我们就不收你送货费。

详细解释:


charge

v.(动词)
charged,charg.ing,charg.es
v.tr.(及物动词)
To impose a duty, responsibility, or obligation on:
使承担:使承担任务责任义务
例句:
charged him with the task of watching the young swimmers.
使他承担起看护年轻游泳者的任务

To set or ask (a given amount) as a price:
索价,要价:要(定量的钱)作为收费:
例句:
charges ten dollars for a haircut.
理一次发要价十美元

To hold financially liable; demand payment from:
使有责任还钱;要求支付:
例句:
charged her for the balance due.
让她支付欠款

To postpone payment on (a purchase) by recording as a debt:
赊购:记帐以推迟对(购买)的付款:
例句:
paid cash for the stockings but charged the new coat.
袜子付了现金但又赊购了一件新外套



To load to capacity; fill:
装满;充满:
例句:
charge a furnace with coal.
往壁炉里装炭

To saturate; impregnate:
使饱合;使充满:
例句:
The atmosphere was charged with tension.
充满了紧张气氛

To load (a gun or other firearm) with a quantity of explosive:
装 * :为(枪炮或其他火器)装入一定的 * :
例句:
charged the musket with powder.
往枪里装入火药

To instruct or urge authoritatively; command:
指示,要求;命令:
例句:
charged her not to reveal the source of information.
指示她不许泄露消息来源

Law To instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.
【法律】 下指令给陪审团:就法律及其适用范围和证据的权衡向(陪审团)作说明
To make a claim of wrongdoing against; accuse or blame:
指责,控告:提出对不法行为的指控;控告或责难:
例句:
The police charged him with car theft. Critics charged the writer with a lack of originality.
警方以偷车罪指控他。评论家指责这位作家缺少独创性

To put the blame for; attribute or impute:
归咎于;归因于,归罪于:
例句:
charged the accident to the driver`s inexperience.
事故原因归结于驾驶员缺少经验

To attack violently:
猛攻:
例句:
The troops charged the enemy line.
军队猛攻敌人阵线

Electricity
【电学】
To cause formation of a net electric charge on or in (a conductor, for example).
使带电荷:促使(如导体内)净电荷形成
To energize (a storage battery) by passing current through it in the direction opposite to discharge.
充电:按放电相反的方向为一(蓄电池)充电
To excite; rouse:
鼓动煽动
例句:
a speaker who knows how to charge up a crowd.
知道如何鼓动群众的演说者

To direct or put (a weapon) into position for use; level.
瞄准:将(武器)准备好以射击;瞄准
Heraldry To place a bearing on.
【纹章学】 将纹章挂上
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To rush forward in or as if in a violent attack:
攻击,冲锋:猛攻而向前冲:
例句:
dogs trained to charge at intruders; children charging through the house.
狗被训练来攻击闯入者;孩子们冲出房间

To demand or ask payment:
要求支付:
例句:
did not charge for the second cup of coffee.
第二杯咖啡不需付钱

To postpone payment for a purchase.
赊购货物
Accounting To consider or record as a loss. Often used withoff.
【会计学】 记在借方项下。常与off 连用
n.(名词)
Abbr. chg.
缩写 chg.
Expense; cost.
费用;花费
The price asked for something:
价格,收费:
例句:
no charge for window-shopping.
浏览商店橱窗免费



A weight or burden; a load:
负担;负载:
例句:
a freighter relieved of its charge of cargo.
已卸下所装货物的货船

The quantity that a container or apparatus can hold.
最大容量:集装箱或容器的装载容量
A quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.
* 量:一次发射用的 * 量
An assigned duty or task; a responsibility:
任务,责任:分配的义务或任务;责任:
例句:
The commission`s charge was to determine the facts.
委员会的任务是判定事实

One that is entrusted to another`s care or management:
被照管的人:交托他人照顾或管理的人:
例句:
the baby sitter`s three young charges.
保姆照管的三个孩子



Supervision; management:
监督;管理:
例句:
the scientist who had overall charge of the research project.
这位科学家全面负责管理这项研究项目

Care; custody:
照管;监护:
例句:
a child put in my charge.
由我照管的孩子

An order, a command, or an injunction.
命令,指示,训诫
Law Instruction given by a judge to a jury about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence.
【法律】 法官对陪审团下的指令:由法官就法律及其适用范围和证据的权衡等问题向陪审团作的说明
A claim of wrongdoing; an accusation:
指控;控告:
例句:
a charge of murder; pleaded not guilty to the charges.
指控犯谋杀罪;对控诉辩称无罪



A rushing, forceful attack:
冲击,攻击:快速而强有力的攻击:
例句:
repelled the charge of enemy troops; the charge of a herd of elephants.
击退了敌军的冲锋;一群大象的冲击

The command to attack:
冲锋号:
例句:
The bugler sounded the charge.
号手吹响了冲锋号

Abbr. chg.A debt or an entry in an account recording a debt:
缩写 chg.借款,记帐:帐目上记录负债的借项或项目:
例句:
Are you paying cash or is this a chargeô
你付现金呢还是记帐ô

Abbr. chg.A financial burden, such as a tax or lien.
缩写 chg.财政负担:财政负担,如税或抵押
Symbol q Physics
符号 q 【物理学】
The intrinsic property of matter responsible for all electric phenomena, in particular for the force of the electromagnetic interaction, occurring in two forms arbitrarily designatednegative and positive.
负荷:构成所有电子现象(尤指电磁感应力)起因的物质的固有属性,以两种任意命名的形式 出现
A measure of this property.
电荷量:这种属性的计量单位
The net measure of this property possessed by a body or contained in a bounded region of space.
静电荷:物体所带有的或一固定区域空间内含有的净电荷
Informal A feeling of pleasant excitement; a thrill:
【非正式用语】 快感;刺激:令人愉悦的激动的感觉;刺激:
例句:
got a real charge out of the movie.
从看电影中得到刺激

Heraldry A bearing or figure.
【纹章学】 纹章,图记

<习惯用语>in charge
In a position of leadership or supervision:
主管,领导,负责:处于领导或管理的职位:
例句:
the security agent in charge at the airport.
机场保安部的负责人

Chiefly British Under arrest.
【多用于英国 被捕的,在押的
in charge of
Having control over or responsibility for:
管理,负责:具有对…的控制或责任的:
例句:
You`re in charge of making the salad.
你负责做沙拉

来源:
Middle English chargen [to load]
中古英语 chargen [装满]
from Old French chargier
源自 古法语 chargier
from Late Latin carric3re
源自 后期拉丁语 carric3re
from Latin carrus [cart]
源自 拉丁语 carrus [马车]
[of Celtic origin] * see kers-
[来源于凯尔特语] *参见 kers-

<参考词汇><同义词>charge,freight,imbue,impregnate,permeate,pervade,saturate,suffuseThe central meaning shared by these verbs is .to cause to be filled with a particular mood or tone.:
这些动词共有的一个中心意思是.使充满一种特殊的情绪或气氛.:
例句:
an atmosphere charged with excitement;
激动热烈的气氛;

例句:
a pause freighted with meaning;
充满含义的停顿;

例句:
poetry imbued with grace;
浸透着文雅的诗篇;

例句:
a spirit impregnated with lofty ideals;
充满崇高理想精神

例句:
optimism that permeates a group;
充盈于组员心中的乐观主义;

例句:
letters pervaded with gloom;
充满阴郁气息的信件;

例句:
a novel saturated with imagination;
充满想象的一部小说;

例句:
a heart suffused with love. See also Synonyms at care ,price
充满爱的心灵 参见同义词 care,price


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