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percent

音标[pә'sent] 读音

汉语翻译

n. 百分比, 百分数, 部分
【机】 百分率

词意辨析:

percent, percentage
这两个名词均可表示“百分比”之意。
percent: 或per cent 系拉丁语per centum的缩略,通常和一个具体数字连用,指具体的百分比。
percentage: 不受数字修饰,不指具体的百分比,通常用在一些形容词或起形容词作用的词之后,可也单独使用。

英语解释:

名词 percent:

  1. a proportion multiplied by 100
    同义词:percentage, per centum, pct

例句:

  1. We give 10 percent discount for cash.
    现金付款,我们九折优惠。
  2. The company's market share is 48 percent in the marketplace.
    家公司的市场占有率是百分之四十八。
  3. The gross national product had increased 5 percent last year.
    去年的国民生产总值提高了百分之五。
  4. The millionaire has handed over 50 percent of his stock to his first son.
    这个百万富翁已把他一半的股票移交给他的长子
  5. A solid solution of iron and up to1 percent of carbon, the chief constituent of hardened carbon tool steels.
    马氏本,马登斯体一种由铁和高达百分之一的碳组成的溶液,是硬化碳工具钢的主要成分
  6. The covering of forestry in our town is 60 percent.
    我们镇的森林覆盖率是百分之六十。
  7. I am a hundred percent in agreement with you.
    我百分之百同意你的看法。

详细解释:


percent 也作 per cent

adv.Abbr. p.c.,pct.副词)缩写 p.c.,pct.
Out of each hundred; per hundred.
百分之:出于每一百;每一百
n.(名词)
pl. percentalso per cent One part in a hundred:
复数 percent 也作 per cent 百分之一:一百中的一份:
例句:
The report states that 42 percent of the alumni contributed to the endowment.Also called per centum
报告说有百分之四十二的校友响应了捐款也作 per centum

pl. percents A percentage or portion:
【复数】 percents 比例:百分比或一部分:
例句:
She has invested a large percent of her salary.
她把工资的大部分用以投资

percents Chiefly British Public securities yielding interest at a specified percentage.
percents 【多用于英国 有固定利率的公债:按特定百分比生息的公共证券
adj.(形容词)
Paying or demanding interest at a specified percentage:
支付利息的,索取利息的:按特定百分支付或要求利息的:
例句:
a 5ô percent checking account.
按5ô取利的支票帐户


来源:
From per cent.
源自 per cent.
abbreviation of per centum [by the hundred]
per centum的缩写 [按百]
per [per] * see per
per [每] *参见 per
centum [hundred] * see dekô
centum [百] *参见 dekô

Statistically speaking,a quantity can be increased by any percentage but cannot be decreased by more than 00 percent.Once pollution has been reduced by 00 percent, for example, it ceases to exist,and no further reduction is possible.In defiance of this logic, however, advertisers sometimes refer toa 50 percent decrease in lost luggage or a new dental rinse that reduces plaque on teeth by over 300 percent. On reflection,it is possible to infer the intended meaning in these examples—presumably the rinse is three times as effective as some other tooth-cleaning procedure—but the ostensible claim is logically nonsensical,and the phrasing serves mostly to obscure the fact that the standard of comparison has not been made explicit.The latter phrase was unacceptable to '' percent of the Usage Panel.
从统计学上说,数量可以按任意比例增长但不能按超过百分之一百的比例减少。例如,一旦污染减少百分之百,它就会消失,也就不再会有任何进一步减少的可能了。然而,广告商们时常忽视这种规律而提出行李丢失率下降了百分之一百五一种新型爽口剂将牙病减少了百分之三百。 从观众的反应来说,不可能推断这些例句想表达的意思——假定这种爽口剂比其它洁齿措施有效三倍——但这种表面的说法却是不合逻辑的,并且短语的运用大大模糊了比较标准尚不清晰的事实。后一个短语是百分之六十六的用法小组成员不能接受的


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