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polite

音标[pә'lait] 读音

汉语翻译

a. 有礼貌的, 文雅的, 客气的, 有教养的

词型变化:

形容词比较级:politer 最高级:politest 名词:politeness 副词:politely 

词意辨析:

polite, civil, courteous
这些形容词均含“礼貌的、客气的”之意。
polite: 普通常用词,指言论举止无论何时均严谨有礼,很有教养。
civil: 语气弱于polite,着重只达到社交的一般要求,避免粗鲁
courteous: 指言谈举止典雅,谦恭有礼,更侧重考虑他人的感情与尊严。

英语解释:

形容词 polite:

  1. showing regard for others in manners, speech, behavior, etc.
  2. marked by refinement in taste and manners
    同义词:civilized, civilised, cultivated, cultured, genteel
  3. not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others- W.S. Maugham
    同义词:civil

例句:

  1. His polite manners bespoke the gentleman.
    他那彬彬有礼的举止显出他是个绅士
  2. She made polite noises about my work.
    她对我的工作情况说了些客套话。
  3. Don't you find him very rude?' Contrariwise! I think he's most polite.'
    `你是否觉得他很粗野?'`恰恰相反! 我认为他非常有礼貌.'
  4. She needed to soften her request to make it as polite and courteous as she could.
    她需要使请求语气柔婉,以便尽可能把它变成有礼貌与客气。
  5. Be polite.
    要有礼貌。
  6. The more you soften a request, the more polite it becomes.
    你愈使请求柔婉,请求就愈变为客气。
  7. He moved aside for her with a polite bow.
    他礼貌地鞠躬,退避一旁让她过去。
  8. This boy is polite to everyone.
    这个男孩对所有人都很礼貌。

详细解释:


po.lite

adj.(形容词)
po.lit.er,po.lit.est
Marked by or showing consideration for others, tact, and observance of accepted social usage.
有礼貌的:以为他人着想、圆滑和遵守被接受的社会规范为特征的或表现出这些特点的
Refined; elegant:
有教养的;文雅的:
例句:
polite society.
上流社会


来源:
Middle English polit [polished]
中古英语 polit [文雅的,有教养的]
from Latin polotus [past participle of] polore [to polish] * see polish
源自 拉丁语 polotus [] polore的过去分词 [除去缺点,使完美] *参见 polish

【引伸】
polite.ly
adv.(副词)
polite.ness
n.(名词)
<参考词汇><同义词>polite,mannerly,civil,courteous,genteelAll these adjectives mean mindful of, conforming to, or marked by good manners.
所有这些形容词都意指注意、遵守或具有良好举止的。
Polite andmannerly imply consideration for others and the adherence to conventional social standards expected of a well-bred person:
Politemannerly 暗含着关心他人和遵从有教养的人期望传统的社会标准
例句:
.The English are busy; they don`t have time to be polite. (Montesquieu).
.英国人很忙;他们无暇去顾及礼貌. (孟德斯鸠)。

例句:
.It costs nothing to be polite. (Winston S. Churchill).
.举止文明得体是不花费本钱的. (温斯顿·S·邱吉尔)。

例句:
The child was scolded by his grandmother for not being more mannerly.
这个小孩因为缺乏礼貌而被祖母责怪

Civil suggests only the barest observance of accepted social usages;it often means merely neither polite nor rude:
Civil 暗示只是最起码地遵守被人接受的社会习惯;它经常表示只是既不礼貌也不粗鲁:
例句:
.‘Always be civil to the girls, you never know who they may marry’ is an aphorism which has saved many an English spinster from being treated like an Indian widow. (Nancy Mitford).
.‘永远要对女孩子彬彬有礼,你无法知道她们将嫁谁’这句格言使得许多英国老处女免受印第安寡妇般的对待. (南希·米特福德)。

Courteous implies courtliness and dignity:
Courteous 暗指宫廷式的典雅和高贵:
例句:
.If a man be gracious and courteous to strangers, it shows he is a citizen of the world. (Francis Bacon).
.如果一个人对陌生人能温儒典雅,这表明他是一个世界公民. (弗朗西斯·培根)。

Genteel, which originally meant well-bred and refined,now usually suggests excessive and affected refinement:
Genteel 原先意指有教养的和优雅的,现在通常暗示过分或矫揉造作的文雅:
例句:
.A man, indeed, is not genteel when he gets drunk; but most vices may be committed very genteelly. (James Boswell).
.一个人,当他喝醉时实在不可能高雅;但大多数罪恶却可能是彬彬有礼地犯下的. (詹姆斯·鲍斯弗尔)


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